Tag: josephine baker

Code Word “Courage”: Black Underground Resistance Fighters in Poland, Italy, and France

Written by Robert Fikes, Jr., Emeritus Librarian, San Diego State University A rather astonishing and unexpected aspect of World War II was the appearance of African and Caribbean-born partisan fighters in Nazi-occupied Europe. White underground resistance fighters, spies, saboteurs, even anti-fascist assassins have been portrayed in movies as romantic, resourceful,

Art Deco & Africa

Art Deco & Africa, 1925 This weekend, after picking up an ENAR Foundation Award in Paris for the Facebook page Afropean Culture (Woo Hoo!), I spent some time with my good friend Chris and his lovely (& expecting!) lady Naj at their home near the 13th Arrondissement. In between hours